Constructed to celebrate Rabindranath Tagore birth Centenary in 1961.

While the exterior presented a blank brick-walled, cuboidal structure, the interior of the theatre, made in consultation with actors Prithviraj Kappor and Zul Vellani, was primarily based on first of all a careful study of design issues like acoustics, sight-lines, size of stage in relation to the size of auditorium, optimal distence for un-aided facial recognition. 

Secondarily, in its aesthetics, the origina yellow and red tepestries, the processional routes entering the theatre were based on a Le Corbusier inspired "lexicon of cubism".  Some structural features, such as the massive steel trusses on the interior, were initially left visible.