A limited competition for a new buiding for Indian Parliament's library was organised in 1989, and the winner announce in 1991 was architect Raj Rewal. Then speaker of the Lok Sabha, Shivraj V. Patil ensure that the architect will be permitted to realise the ideas he thought most appropriate. Over the next decades the architect worked with successive goverments and the Central Public Works Department, which was chosen for longstanding experience with projects of this scale and complexity.
The domes are of various sizes and are constructed of lightweight fibre cement, bright steel lattice and tensile cables, structural glass and glass bricks. A roof garden provides a gathering space for scholars and parliamentarians in the winter, and a thermal barrier in the summer.