Publication dated 16th August 1983

Notes on the Master Plan for Proposed Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

'The Focus of all efforts will be on "Institution buildings" that is to the process of nurturing and making an institution self-sufficient and self-renewing. Institution building is a continuous process – from the establishment to nurturing the growth of the institute at various stages of its development.'

Above quote is from a report on 'A Ten Year Perspective' prepared by Forestry Group and accepted by the Govt. of India as a basis for establishing IIFM.

The emphasis on the above 'focus' – the building of [an] institute called for a master plan for physical development with a set of space requirements for various activities, that need to be interpreted architecturally into a single connected group of buildings rather than as separately identified buildings with specific functions on its territories. This continuity of buildings mitigating/reacting against isolationist tendencies should ease progress towards academic, functional and social interaction which characterizes a successful and flexible institute. The most difficult planning problems in all-new institutes are those which arise from rapid and not entirely predictable growth; and every proposal in the plan, from overall form to minor details reflects the attempt to anticipate these problems.

The plan, therefore, centres on the interaction between the academic, social and residential life of the community in such a way as to attempt creating a sense of 'Communal Identity' without contradicting the growing desire of a student to be independent.

The environ and the master plan constitute the following classification of the site and the programme of requirements with Architectural and Planning considerations.


The site and the panorama around   : 1) Big lakes in the distance
      2) Cityscape
      3)  Downhill horizons
Determinants on the site   : 1) Jagged hillocks
      2) Rounded hill
      3) Steep slopes
Climatic chart for Bhopal        
Major roads, water bodies and entry to the site        
Major activity areas   : 1) Residential
      2) Sport
      3) Academic
      4)  Gardens
      5) Parking
      6) Service and utility buildings
      7) Service yards
Padestrian and vehicular circulation        
Academic building: Indoor spaces : 1) Administration
      2) Faculty offices
      3)  Large classrooms
      4) Small classrooms
      5) Seminar rooms
      6) Library
      7) Auditorium
  Outdoor spaces : 1) Academic court
      2) Administration court
      3) Gardens
      4) Promenade
      5) Parking
Residential buildings Indoor spaces : 1) Dormitories
      2) Dormitories for senior participants.
  Outdoor spaces : 1) Entrance courts
      2) Connecting walkways.
Dining: Indoor spaces : 1) Mess halls
      2) Kitchen
  Outdoor spaces : 1) Kitchen yard
      2) Dining sit-out terraces.
Recreation: Indoor spaces : 1) Clubhouse
  Outdoor spaces : 1) Badminton courts
      2) Volleyball courts
      3) Basketball courts.
Academic areas   : 1) Contiguity between formal and informal educational experiences.
      2) The plan to provide a helpful context with academic and residential areas closely integrated.
Residential areas   : 1) Consideration for a living room at terrace level for encouraging group contacts within the Dormitory units and common toilets
      2) Consideration for Senior participants providing the rooms with living and study areas for each participant with attached toilets.
Circulation within the Academic Complex   : 1) The shape of circulation must provide for the neede sense of location within this complex. There must be a sense of arrival and departure, of moving from one place to another place, each with their sphere of influence, and vital that these should have a relationship to the whole and reflect naturally the differing intensity of each of their use.
    :   It is this pattern that will make the anatomy of the whole development comprehensible to anybody moving about it.



The site is heavily contoured on two sides (West & South) with the third side having gradual slopes (East). The major axis of the site runs North-South on a relatively flat area with outcrops of two hillocks. The entire site is predominantly made of rocky terrain. The North-South axis connects the flattened lower lands on the Northside and the distant lakes on the Southside. The Western slopes open up the panorama of the city in the distance.

2. ROADS AND APPROACHES – Diagram No: 1.

A simple road system serves the buildings of the academic complex, students' residential areas and the kitchen-dining complex. The same road system can be extended to serve the future use of the site on the Eastern side. A secondary road branching off serves the parking areas provided for the outside participation next to the Auditorium. Within the three major parking areas provided for the Academic complex lies the entire pedestrian circulation in and around the complex in the form of 'Promenade', 'Courts' and covered 'Corridors.' It is this freedom of pedestrian movement that ensures the uninterrupted flow of circulation free from vehicular traffic generating multiple points of intersection between the teaching, non-teaching and the student community. The throb of which reflects the spirit of the occasion and the congenial relationship within the community.

3. ACADEMIC AREA – Diagram No: 3.

It is on this North-South axis that the main circulation spine is located. The main thrust on the Academic area plan is on the location of the Faculty and Research Offices with their P.A.'s and Research Assistants, that forms the inner core crucial to in its location, equidistant from Administrative Offices on the one side and the teaching areas on the other sie. In place of a continuous narrow corridor, individual set back lobbies are made as stop-off places for desirable interaction.

The buildings which form the academic court area: the Larger classroom, Smaller classroom, Library, Auditorium and Seminar rooms. The scale of building forming the court is such that no building except the library will be more than 2 stories. The Library considering its growth over a period of time may become a four-storey building giving a strong focus and anchor psychologically and physically to the academic court.

The Seminar rooms are considered a community of rooms having differently sized to house students from 15 to 40 in numbers. This variety of sizes offers the possibility of engaging the room simultaneously for an appropriate number of students.

The Auditorium for 540 persons is planned for multipurpose activities speech, music, film or slide projection and holding an indoor Badminton or Table tennis tournament, For this reason, the part of the seating is on a flat area with removable chairs and part on the permanent tiers. The auditorium will be acoustically treated and will have space for green rooms, switchgear, chair storage, etc.

Hill site crowned by the academic complex offers considerable possibilities for compact cohesive grouping of buildings which is mainly the "Work-Zone." The "Core-Zone" is composed of Auditorium-Library and the academic court while the "Living-Zone" provides students Residences (Dormitories) Kitchen-Dining areas and any other spaces for group meetings.

The "Work-Zone" flow along the flat contours providing the linear form capable of extensions along on the other side of 'Promenade.' (Dia. No.: 4). The future extensions if any can have ready landscaping as indicated, helping to give form and interest.

4. DORMITORIES – Diagram No.: 4.

Students Dormitories are located at the Southern tip of the  Academic Complex. It is based on a concept of the house for 8 students sharing the bathroom facility. Each house has a living room at the terrace level such as to capture the view of the distant lakes on the Horizon. The living room forms the "Social Centre" for each group of students whereas a bed-cum-study room forms a "Cell" for isolation and study for the individual student.

All Dormitories are oriented towards the lakes on the side of Southern slopes of the land and are in close proximity of the library in the Academic Complex. The rows of trees between the student Dormitories and the Academic complex help create a buffer zone besides creating shaded walkways connecting other groups of Dormitories.

The rooms of the Dormitories are based on a general bay of 9'-6". 9" load-bearing walls and one-way concrete slabs across smaller span help keep the cost down besides offering rapidity of construction. The external walls will be covered with stonecrete plaster between bands of thin stone slabs. This esthetic will be coherent with the esthetic of the Academic Complex.

5. LANDSCAPE – Diagram No.: 2.

The climate of each place controls its ecology. The plans generated by climatic considerations determining the quality of the environment. It brings into focus such concepts as, 'Courts, Loggias, Galleries, the impression of thick walls, verandahs and plazas or squares' for public activity. This is the true ecology of Architecture. The concepts based on climatic consideration also generate possibilities of forming a micro-climate for a given place, helping to produce zones of comfort, conditions inside and outside the buildings.

With this consideration, it has brought about the disposition of certain buildings forming inside and outside spaces directly related to the activities housed inside and outside the academic complex. 

Bhopal has a hot and dry climate, except for a few months of winter and rains. Mean maximum reaching 41°c in the month of May and mean minimum touching 10°c in the month of January. Average humidity except in the months of June, July, August, September remain below 50%.

It is this consideration that generates a pattern for landscape on a broad plane. Adherence to this pattern will play a very important role in the development of the entire Master Plan. The main features of the site are the two Hillocks with outcrops of slated stones and depressions. As a counterpoint to the natural features is proposed the deep bans of trees shading the walkways, promenade and some areas of courts.

The bands to tress provide a deep buffer zone between the Academic complex and student residences. The water bodies are structured to create continuous vistas all over the site, carrying water in narrow channels to the areas containing trees and grass. the idea of the water reservoir on top of one of the Hillocks is to give a strong focus on landscape avoiding the compulsion to put high water towers completely incongruous to the Horizontal development of buildings and the natural terrain of the site.

On a very open site approximate 259' from lower read levels on a hill plateau the relation between landscape and buildings, will have more than just visual significance.

An extensive programme of tree planting is needed to establish a new of shadow belts across the site and further protection can be given in the early years by the extensive use of bunding, earth filling and the planting of quick-growing shrubs and hedges.

SUN DIAGRAM – Diagram No.: 5.

From the sun diagram, it is inferred that solar shading would be required between March to June from 10 AM to 5 PM (April and May being critical months). It is fortunate that during the cold months of December to February winds are mostly quiet. These winds are from mainly North and North Eastern directions.

Between July and November solar radiation is reduced due to the monsoon cloud cover. Humidity increase during this period and comfort requires good airflow. Outside wind velocity is quite high. Occasionally demanding rain shading, directions being West and North West. November is mostly comfortable period, so also is February.

        16th August 1983
Area statement as per dr. No: X-1.
Block - A. Administrative section and accounting section with case study material etc. Dispatch – Store – Bank – Post Office. 13,632.00 sft. G.Fl. + F. Fl.
Block - B. Faculty Research Offices with committee rooms, lounge, toilets, P.A.s and Research Assistants, Stores. 12,813.75 sft. G.Fl.
    12.813.75 sft. F.Fl.
Block - C. Seminar Rooms 5,000.00 sft. G.Fl.
Block - D.  Classrooms 10,000.00 sft.  
Block - E. Library, stacks, stores, documentation, offices, reading halls, study carrels, etc. 20,000.00 sft. G.Fl. + F.Fl. + S.Fl.
Block - F. Auditorium with Foyer, Ancillary rooms, stores, etc. 15,664.00 sft.  
  Kitchen-Dining, Stores, etc. 5,000.00 sft.  
  Workshop-Maintenance, Warehouse, stores, etc. 4,000.00    
        16th August 1983
Indian Institute of Forest Management-Bhopal, M.P.
Area statement of Residences:
1 Student participant Residences: Per Unit   (7 Students)
  Ground floor 982.00 sft.  
  First Floor 982.00 sft.  
  Terrace floor lounge 356.00 sft.  
  Total 2320.00 sft. One unit
    x 19 units    
    = 44080.00 sft.  
2.  Executive participant Residences: Per Unit   (4 participants)
  Ground floor 895.00 sft.  
  First floor 895.00 sft.  
  Total 1790.00 sft. One unit
    x 3 units    
    = 5370.00  sft.  

3. Servants quarters: 360 sft. per house x 5 = 1800 sft.
4. Dispensary: 500 sft.  

Area of Roads & Parking  
1. Major road: 94.500 sft.  
2. Minor road: 74,100 sft.  
3. Parking: 45,199 sft.  
        30th May 1985
BLOCK: A -  ACCOUNTS OFFICE 1220.0  sq.m   13000  sq.ft.
BLOCK: B -  ADMN. OFFICE 1400.0  sq.m   15000  sq.ft.
BLOCK: C -  FACULTY RESEARCH OFFICES 3285.0  sq.m   35346  sq.ft.
BLOCK: D -  SEMINAR ROOMS 1300.0  sq.m   14000  sq.ft.
BLOCK: E -  CLASS ROOMS 1767.0  sq.m   19016  sq.ft.
  LINK CORRIDOR 183.0  sq.m   1970  sq.ft.
BLOCK: F -  LIBRARY 2076.0  sq.m   223337  sq.ft.
  COMPUTER CENTRE 216.0  sq.m   2324  sq.ft.  
BLOCK: G 0 AUDITORIUM 3400.0  sq.m   37000  sq.ft.
  TOTAL AREA OF ACADEMIC COMPLEX 14847.0  sq.m   159775  sq.ft.
BLOCK: H -  DORMITORY (ONE) 362  sq.m.
3620.0  sq.m   38950  sq.ft.
  STUDENT DINING HALL AND VERANDAH 385.0  sq.m   4150  sq.ft.
  FACULTY DINING 127.0  sq.m   1367  sq.ft.
  KITCHEN SERVICES 475.0  sq.m   5111  sq.ft.
BLOCK: SC -  SPORTS COMPLEX 1400.0  sq.m   15000  sq.ft.
  CLUB ROOM      
BLOCK: M -  MAINTENANCE 460.0  sq.m   4950  sq.ft.

S1R2, S1R3, S2R2, C1.1, C1.2,
E1.1R3, E.1.2R3, F.1.1, F1.2,
H 1.1R1, KD 1.1

        30th May 1985
AREA STATEMENT AS PER DRG. NO. A1, B1, C1.1, C1.2, D1, E1.1 R3, 31.2R3, F1.1, F1.2, G1, H1.1R1, KD1.1, S1R3, S2R2, S1R2
  First-floor: 624.70 sq.m. 6724.4 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 595.00 sq.m. 6404.7 sq.ft.
    1219.70 sq.m. 13129.1 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 711.00 sq.m. 7653.3 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 688.10 sq.m. 7406.8 sq.ft.
    1399.10 sq.m. 10580.1 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 527.00 sq.m. 5671 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 508.00 sq.m. 5466 sq.ft.
  Second-floor: 60.00 sq.m. 656 sq.ft.
  3 x  1095.00 sq.m. 11782 sq.ft.
    3275.00 sq.m. 35346 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 656.30 sq.m. 7064.5 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 583.20 sq.m. 6277.7 sq.ft.
    1238.50 sq.m. 13342.2 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 1136.00 sq.m. 12223 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 631.30 sq.m. 6793 sq.ft.
    1767.39 sq.m. 19016 sq.ft.

  COMPUTER CENTRE G.F. 216.00 sq.m. 2324 sq.ft.
  LIBRARY: Ground-floor: 503.00 sq.m. 5412 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 643.00 sq.m. 6919 sq.ft.
  Second-floor: 465.00 sq.m. 5003 sq.ft.
  Third-floor: 465.00 sq.m. 5003 sq.ft.
    2075.00 sq.m. 22337 sq.ft.
  TOTAL 2292.00 sq.m.  

  Ground-floor: 2307.30 sq.m. 24836.3 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 1113.35 sq.m. 11984 sq.ft.
    3420.65 sq.m. 36820.6 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 151.40 sq.m. 1625.4 sq.ft.
  First-floor: 134.55 sq.m. 1448.3 sq.ft.
  Second-floor: 76.51 sq.m. 823.5 sq.ft.
    362.46 sq.m. 3897.2 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 937.00 sq.m. 10082.00 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 1395.00 sq.m. 15000.00 sq.ft.

  Ground-floor: 460.0 sq.m. 4950.00 sq.ft.

        30th May 1985
  a) Paving in light courts and pavilions 881.2 sq.m. 9482 sq.ft.
  b) Promenade 540.8 sq.m. 5819 sq.ft.
  c) Hard paved courtyards 789.7 sq.m. 8497 sq.ft.
  d) Soft paved courtyards 765.0 sq.m. 8231 sq.ft.
  e) Entry platform 215.8 sq.m. 2322 sq.ft.
  f) Bund Walls and seats 140.0 sq.m. 1506 sq.ft.
  g) Terraces 3442.2 sq.m. 37038 sq.ft.
  h) Stairs connecting terraces 26.3 sq.m. 283 sq.ft.
  i) Steps to entry platforms 103.0 sq.m. 1108 sq.ft.
  j) Steps to terraces 101.1 sq.m. 1108 sq.ft.
  k) Waterbodies 2340.0 sq.m. 25179 sq.ft.
  l) Pathways and side-walks 983.9 sq.m. 10587 sq.ft.
  a) Paving in light courts (for 10 units) 266.0 sq.m. 2862 sq.ft.
  b) Pathways 3333.0 sq.m. 35830 sq.ft.
  c) Soft planted courtyards 7280.9 sq.m. 78333 sq.ft.
  d) Waterbodies 230.0 sq.m. 2475 sq.ft.
  a) Paving in light courts 295.0 sq.m. 3174 sq.ft.
  b) Pathways 257.0 sq.m. 2765 sq.ft.
  c) Soft planted courtyards 900.0 sq.m. 9684 sq.ft.
  d) Bund walls & Seats 59.0 sq.m. 635 sq.ft.
  e) Terraces 115.0 sq.m. 1237 sq.ft.
  a) Paving light courts 31.0 sq.m. 334 sq.ft.
  b) Pathways 66.0 sq.m. 710 sq.ft.
  a) Paving in light courts 32.0 sq.m. 340 sq.ft.
  b) Pathways 210.0 sq.m. 2260 sq.ft.
  c) Soft planted courtyards 2390.0 sq.m. 25716 sq.ft.
  d) Bund walls & Seats 85.0 sq.m. 915 sq.ft.
  e) Terrace 835.0 sq.m. 8985 sq.ft.
  f) Waterbodies 190.0 sq.m. 2044 sq.ft.
          10th August 1983
  Indian Institute of Forest Management-Bhopal, M.P.
Programme for Phasing
    1st Phase     2nd Phase
1.   Academic Complex 1.   Academic Complex
  i) Office Accommodation for Director, Faculty, Staff, Board Room, etc.   i) Library, reading rooms, stacks, sorting space
  ii) Seminar rooms.   ii) stores records.
  iii) Classrooms.   iii) Common rooms for faculty students and staff.
  iv) Parking sheds for Cars, Scooters and Bicycles.   iv) Compex for Post office, bank and dispensary.
  v) Maintenance workshop shed.      
2.   Dormitories 2.   Dormitories
  i) For 40 Officer trainees/ Research scholars for short duration courses/seminars   i) for 100 Post-graduate students
  ii) Canteen & Kitchen for the above.   ii) Canteen and kitchen for the above.
3.   Nil 3.   Auditorium
        i) Auditorium AC for 500 persons with projection and acoustic arrangement
4.   Guest House 4.   Guest House
  i) Servant quarter, 5 nos.   i) 20 single rooms with attached baths for visitors.
5.   Water & Power supply 5.   Playground
    Roads & Approaches