1. The problem, proposed intervention and key elements of activity

Indore, the largest city of Madhya Pradesh State in India, is centrally located at latitude 22-43 North and longitude 75-57 East on the fertile Malwa Plateau. The average level above Mean Sea Level is 550 meters.

Indore is an important textile manufacturing center of India, The city has numerous engineering industries engaged in the production of finished and semi-finished goods. The industrial development in nearby towns has also increased its commercial importance. Because of its central location and excellent linkages, the city is an important centre for marketing and distribution of agricultural produce.


In the last two decades the population of the city has grown very rapidly from 0.56 million in 1971 to 1.25 million in 1992. The present population of the city is about 1.4 million out of which 0.45 million live in slums. Over the same period its slums population almost quadrupled from 0.1 million to 0.35 million.


Development componentIndividual items of activity
City level impact
  • Strengthening of sewage network to receive slums particularly in areas where city sewers do not exist
  • Environmental improvement of the rive and the streams of the city
  • Landscaping within slums and development of lakes and gardens in marginal land/or low-lying open spaces around slums
  • Improving city roads on the peripheries of slums
  • Improvement of water supply pressures around slum localities
  • Extension of city storm drainage to reach the slum pockets and low-lying areas
  • Improvement of solid waste management
Slum level physical works
  • Roads and paving
  • Individual water supply
  • House to house underground sewerage with individual toilets (in preference to public latrines)
  • Storm drainage
  • Street lighting
  • Solid waste management
  • Community based landscaping
Community development
  • Setting up neighborhood groups, women’s groups and youth activities
  • Mobilizing community savings for undertaking physical works
  • Educational activities for pre-primary age children, school dropouts and illiterate adults
  • Community health education and other interventions related to mother and child care
  • Supporting income generating activities by providing vocational training, job access to unemployed persons
  • Developing linkages with formal sector finance to help people start small businesses and trades
  • Project formulation
  • Baseline socio-economic survey
  • Project evaluation
  • Setting up of archives
  • Management information system
  • Documentation and dissemination