Popular in U.S., these are good alternative investment opportunity for conservative investors, says regulator
To help in the Government’s ‘smart cities’ programme, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), on Tuesday, proposed a new set of norms for listing and trading of municipal bonds on stock exchanges, while channelising household investments for urban infrastructure development.
Issuing draft regulations for such municipal bonds, also known as ‘muni bonds’, SEBI said that that issuing authorities would need to contribute at least 20 per cent of the total project cost for which they wish to raise funds.
Besides, these municipal authorities would need to have a strong financial track record and such bonds should have a minimum tenure of three years.
“Conservative Indian investor mainly invests in fixed deposits, small saving schemes or gold. Bonds issued by municipalities having good financial track record would be an good alternative investment opportunity for such conservative investors, as it provides reasonable return with less risk, which in turn may accelerate the capital markets,” SEBI said.
Popular in U.S.
‘Muni bonds’ are very popular among investors in many developed nations, especially in the U.S., where these have attracted investments totalling over $500 billion and are among preferred avenues for household savings.
Comments have been invited on the draft regulations till January 30.
Further, the capital market regulator said that municipal bonds would add to instruments where provident funds, pension funds and insurance companies can put in their money.
While such bonds have been issued by various municipal authorities in the country, the total funds raised through them stand at only about Rs.1,353 crore.
The Bangalore Municipal Corporation was the first municipal corporation to issue a municipal bond of Rs.125 crore with a State guarantee in 1997.
However, the access to capital market commenced in January 1998, when the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) issued the first municipal bonds in the country without State government guarantee for financing infrastructure projects in the city. AMC raised Rs.100 crore through its public issue.
There can be “flexibility in setting interest rate cap by linking it to a benchmark market rate,” the concept paper said. Under the proposed norms, municipal authorities having negative net worth and those which have defaulted on payments to financial institutions would be barred from issuing the bonds.
Corporate municipal entity or its directors restrained or prohibited by SEBI would also be ineligible.