This interdisciplinary conference aims to bring together scholars from the sciences, social sciences and humanities in order to address material practices of mimesis. Aristotle, in one of the first definitions of the concept, argues that mimesis, or the imitation of nature, refers to both form and material. Thus far, scholarship has mostly focused on the role of form in mimetic practices, while the mimetic role of materials, despite the many disciplines in which these are central to making and knowing, remains significantly understudied.

Materials play a fundamental role in mimetic practices, from the earliest known examples to some of the most recent. Ancient ceramic vessels, for instance, some nearly four millennia old, imitate the visual appearance of other materials like metal or straw, while medieval artisans gave wood the costly appearance of marble, or made paper seem like gilded leather. The industrial revolution and chemical innovation created many new opportunities for material mimesis, crowned with the invention of plastics, which can be transformed into almost anything imaginable. Today, computer science allows us to flip pages of digital paper and navigate the visible world in three dimensions, while material science has invented biomaterials that replace the cells of our bodies, smart materials that can assume the appearance of their surroundings, and drugs that imitate the material of neurotransmitters, to name but a few. The role of materials in mimesis is by no means limited to the past: the practice will continue to have an impact in the future which cannot be foreseen.

Registration and programme at conference website.


Day 1 - Thursday 17th December 2015

9.30-10.00 Registration and Coffee

10.00-10.15 Welcome and Introduction - Marjolijn Bol and Emma Spary

10.15-12.30 Session 1 - Substitution

  • Ann-Sophie Lehmann (University of Groningen): Closing the mimetic gap, or the galalithe problem. Material imitation as scientific, creative, and social practice
  • Zuzanna Sarnecka (University of Cambridge): Firing porphyry in the Renaissance ceramic kiln
  • Jenny Rampling (Princeton University): Substituting alchemy: the quid pro quo of experimental reconstruction
  • Hanna Wirta Kinney (Oxford University): The fleshiness of bronze: eighteenth-century copies by Massimiliano Soldani Benzi and Pietro Cipriani
  • Discussion

12.30-13.45 Lunch

13.45-15.30 Session 2 - Making Material Knowledge

  • Pamela Smith (Columbia University): Transforming matter and making art in a sixteenth-century workshop
  • Marta Ajmar (Victoria and Albert Museum): A culture of material mimesis: thinking and making trans-materially in Italy, 1400-1600
  • Lisbet Tarp (Aarhus University): Fertile stones: hybrid stones between matter and form in the collection of Ole Worm (1588-1654)
  • Discussion

15.30-16.00 Coffee

16.00-17.45 Session 3 - Added-value

  • Erma Hermens (University of Glasgow): Mimicking the 'real thing': material manifestations
  • Richard Checketts (University of Leeds): 'Without intellect or will': materials and mimesis in the Cappella Altieri in S. Maria Sopra Minerva in Rome
  • Jack Lynch (Rutgers University): Real fakes and fake fakes: materiality in literary forgery
  • Discussion

18.00-19.00 Keynote Lecture

  • Mark Miodownik (University College London): Bio-inspired materials

19.30 Conference Dinner

Day 2 - Friday 18th December 2015

10.00-12.15 Session 4 - Materializing the Impossible

  • Miri Rubin (Queen Mary, University of London): Title to be confirmed
  • Valentina Pugliano (University of Cambridge): Fake specimens in the Renaissance
  • Britta Dümpelmann (Freie Universität Berlin): ArtFiction. Materiality and material mimesis as the genuine language of nonpolychrome Northern Renaissance sculpture
  • Maria Lumbreras (Johns Hopkins University): "Con el oro e matizes de la dicha ymagen": sacred matter and its replicas in early modern Seville
  • Discussion

12.15-13.45 Lunch

13.45-15.00 Session 5 - Preservation

  • Jeroen Stumpel (Utrecht University): Patterns of endurance: material and survival in the history of art
  • Anna Maerker (King's College London): Title to be confirmed
  • Sophie Kromholz (University of Glasgow): Things aren't what they seem - material compromises in the conservation of ephemeral art
  • Discussion

15.00-15.30 Coffee

15.30-17.30 Session 6 - Mimesis Beyond 'Matter'?

  • Pietro Conte (University of Lisbon): Excessive similarity? Hyperrealism and its materials in phenomenological perspective
  • Emilie Gehl Skulberg (University of Copenhagen): The Illustris Project: mimesis and the simulation of the cosmos
  • Erik Rietveld (University of Amsterdam): The skillful body and affordances for material mimesis
  • Leah Anderson (l'École cantonale d’art du Valais): Reflections on place
  • Discussion

17.30 Closing Remarks