The Institutions Related with the Ruler´s works as Key Elements of the European Courts (XIVth-XVIIth centuries)
CHAIRS: José Eloy Hortal Muñoz (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid) and Merlijn Hurx (Utrecht University)
Nowadays the rulers’ residences and convents (Royal Sites) are often seen by the general public as the curious dwellings of royal families, who lived isolated from society. However, such places were not only built for pleasure, but they belonged to a larger network of buildings and estates that together played an important role in the ruler’s administration.
Apart from palaces, these domains often comprised forests, agricultural lands, watercourses and ponds, as well as defence works and industrial and commercial buildings such as mills, tollhouses, and factories. From the Middle Ages onwards, these networks of sites became increasingly important for the consolidation of the sovereign’s power, playing a key role in the promotion of their rule. To improve control over their domanial buildings and to ensure their upkeep, rulers set up permanent administrative bodies entrusted with their management. In principle, the centralization of their building management was a financial reform, however, this reform should also be considered within the context of the expansion of the sovereign’s presence throughout the realm.
These building administrations have not been yet compared systematically, and it remains unclear to what extent such centralized bodies developed autonomously, responding to local conditions and requirements, or were part of international developments facilitated by the close networks of the European courts.
This symposium brings together scholars from various disciplines as a first attempt to compare these institutions on a pan-European scale from the late Middle Ages up to the end of the 17th century. It aims to investigate the relationships between the local idiosyncrasies of these organisations and their shared European characteristics. It addresses from multidisciplinary perspective questions concerning the nature of such administrations, their purpose, organisational structure, and judicial status, as well as their role in the formation of the state.
Friday 8 November
Welcome by officer KNOB
Welcome by Jeroen Westerman, General Secretary of the Royal Dutch Archaeological Association.
- 13:05: Introduction by Merlijn Hurx and José Eloy Hortal Muñoz
- 13:30: Thomas Rapin (Centre d'Etudes Supérieures de la Renaissance, Tours, France), Building for a Royal Prince around 1400 in France
- 14:00: Robert Stein (Leiden University), The Brabantine ‘Office of Works’ and the Centralization of Burgundian Administration
- 14:30: Merlijn Hurx (Utrecht University), Centralization and Decentralization in the Burgundian Building Administrations in the Low Countries
- 15:30: Sarah Lynch (Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Germany), Tradition, Interlopers, Reform: The Political and Artistic Context of the Prague Castle ‘Bauordnung’
- 16:00: Anna-Victoria Bognár (Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Germany), Building Administrations in the Holy Roman Empire. A brief Overview of Multifaceted Developments and a Search for their Provisory Factors
- 16:30: Krista De Jonge (KU Leuven, Belgium), (Re-)building the Office of Works at the Brussels Court at the Dawn of the 17th Century. The Archdukes between Burgundy and Spain
17:30: End of first day
Saturday 9 November
- 10:00: Konrad Ottenheym (Utrecht University), Building the Prince’s Palaces: The Nassau Domains’ Council, Architects and Building Contractors
- 10:30: Sanne Maekelberg (KU Leuven, Belgium), Building Practice of the High Nobility in the Low Countries: The Architectural Mastermind of Charles of Croÿ (1560-1612)
- 11:30: Manuel Rivero Rodriguez (UAM), Royal Palaces without Kings: The Viceregal Courts and the Integration of Kingdoms in the Spanish Monarchy
- 12:00: Koldo Trápaga (URJC, Spain), Power, Environment and Territory: The Royal Woodlands of the Portuguese Monarchy in a Pan-European Perspective (XV-XVIIth centuries)
- 13:30: Simon Thurley (Institute of Historical Research/Gresham College, UK), Royal Ambition and the Stuart Office of Works 1604-1649
- 14:00: Fabian Persson (Linnaeus University, Sweden), Fracturing or Strengthening the Royal Presence: Dynasticism and Royal Places in Early Modern Sweden
- 14:30: Benjamin Ringot (Centre de recherches du château de Versailles), The Superintendence of the King's Buildings at the Turn of the Grand Siècle: Between Tradition and Evolution, Jules Hardouin-Mansart’s Era
- 15:30: Félix Labrador Arroyo (URJC, Spain), The Financing of the Junta de Obras y Bosques and the Royal Works of the Spanish Monarchy during the 17th Century
- 16:00: José Eloy Hortal Muñoz (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid), The Role of Royal Sites in Shaping the Image of the European Dynasties during the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Times
- 16:30: Jeroen Duindam (Leiden University), The Spatial History of Princes and Courts: A Global View
18:00: End of the second day
This symposium is a collaboration of the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid (URJC), Universiteit Utrecht (UU) and the Royal Netherlands Society of Architectural History (KNOB) and is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, the Graduate School Art History, Gemeente Utrecht and Stichting Professor van Winter Fonds.