Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) is the oldest engineering university in Bangladesh. Students who perform well in HSC come to this university to study engineering fields. But BUET has not been recognised as a world-class education provider. The education system at BUET is very traditional, with very little group work or practical work; the university has not changed the promotion criteria of faculty, endorsing good teachers for promotion. On the other hand, the world's most prestigious higher education institution, MIT in the US, is continuously changing teaching and learning techniques and promotion criteria (MIT report, March 2018). Why have changes in the teaching and promotion criteria become so important? Because, people in the business world are repeatedly telling us that the jobs of the future have not even been created yet, thus students need to know how to think, adapt, work together, and communicate.
Accordingly, the young population has to be equipped with the right set of skills to make them employable in the fast-changing job market. For this reason, the education system (mostly traditional in nature) that we have for our youths needs to be revamped. Universities should target education designed for the industries of the future rather than the industries of the past. Therefore, undergraduate engineering education practiced at the undergraduate level needs renovation aimed at: (i) an educational approach that is underpinned by design synthesis and innovation; (ii) educational delivery that integrates effective and appropriate modern pedagogical approaches, supported by a flexible curriculum, and (iii) an educational structure that reflects the challenges facing engineering in the 21st century.
The most important change that we could make to engineering education to strengthen its role in society is to be increasingly sensitive to the needs of the students, and the skill sets that they will require to face the challenges ahead. Today's pedagogy is teacher-centred, not student-centred, as it should be.
The scholarly work going on in engineering education is not translated back into the lecture room. It is always theoretical.