School prototype for seismic Nepal is this sustainable roofscape design
When schools reopened in June 2015 two months after the earthquake, students attended class in tents or temporary classrooms. They used untreated bamboo, plywood panels, razor-sharp corrugated steel sheets that were dangerous and offered no protection against the elements.
One of the 8,000 schools destroyed five years ago was the Janasewa Primary School and its two classrooms in Makaldamar of Makwanpur district south of Kathmandu. After schools reopened, local Chepang children attended class in a makeshift shed.
The school design is inspired by the Open Air School concept in Europe in the 1920s, which were airy, bright and less cramped. The most famous example of this is the school designed by Dutch architect Johannes Duiker in Amsterdam (1930) which is still running. ... In the Makwanpur school, SMA designed the four classrooms in the shape of a trapezium arranged like a bow tie. This shape allowed the functional need for more entry/exit space towards the courtyard and partly in the need for good acoustics inside the classroom.
The design is earthquake resistant, comfortable and takes the climate and seasons into account — different from all the hurriedly made schools in 2015 or the standard design which do notaddress context, orientation and weather.