The following messages with subject A/Science are the transcript of a
     speech given at a national meeting of biologists in Washington D.C.
     This scientist also is a teacher of mine, and this text is primary.
     Anonymous author D.G., (c) 1994, please do not store/distribute  
online.'
(Donald Geesaman)

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     Posted regarding architecture and science.  The following IIV  
messages
     are aimed at addressing constitutional law in the enframing of  
humans
     and the scientific estate...

 


________________________________________________________________________
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                           C o m m e n t a r i e s

 

         In a consensual and descriptive sense science is the orthodoxy.
    As such it enables and sanctifies much action.  Broadly construed
    science informed instruments are the legitimate mode of public  
action.
    Within these conditions of knowledge and action governance has trans-
    formed.  All its purposes and their agencies have constituted  
themselves
    around the material, conceptual and organizational manifestations of
    scientific knowledge.  All elements of the polity are profoundly
    affected:  the church, its knowledge discredited, is reduced to
    vestigial respectability; the margin between public and private
    enterprise vanishes, both practically and theoretically, in the
    presence of scientific abstractions; political parties become purely
    structural, as do nation states, their historical rationale no longer
    being a serious basis for action; universities lose their critical
    detachment by overt inclusion in the political economy; the rational-
    ization of law, morality, and even the humanities is sought for in
    calculi of efficiencies; and the significance of the public is seen
    as best reckoned in terms of its scientific and professional capital.
    In this context governance becomes problematic, and the relationship
    between science and political authority fundamental.

 

        Through governance (hu)man's will to power is both articulated  
and
    constrained.  Science has sublimed that will to power, and the
    consequences are radical.

 

                                  *  *  *
        Here the market is understood as a technology of process,  
formerly
   informed by craft, now by science.  It thus becomes obvious why the  
law
   in its service to the market must accept efficiency.

 

        The state is necessarily limitless taking its agenda, as it does,
   from science which itself knows no limits.  The form of the state is
   recepticular; it names only the containment of actions, which are
   exhausting.  The power of the state resides in its capacity for action
   which is sustained by science.  The condition of the state is the  
state
   of science, as it once was the state of God.

 

        Democratic institutions may exist, but are no longer political,
   being structural instead, and a consideration of efficiency.  The  
polity
   like the market is seen as a technological endeavor.

 

        Power accrues rapidly in the state but diffusely, tending not to
   aggregate easily, because of the extensive nature of the science in  
which
   it is vested.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        The accomplishments of recent political movements are not  
anomalous.
   The environmentalists were almost animist and deficient in theory.  
Their
   antique idols were simply mounted down by the state and recast as  
science
   and utility and such was the nature of their victory.  The rights  
move-
   ments have eroded the former heirarchies based on sex, class, age,  
race
   and culture, but the hierarchies of science and state have been the
   implicit beneficiaries of the displaced power.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        This description is an attempt to take stock of the relationship
   between science and state.  By its nature it is unacceptable in the  
terms
   of the state it seeks to describe.  Apostasy is so.

 

        Its politics are in its language and in the power of naming.
   Science is the orthodoxy, but it is largely quiet on the question
   of itself.  In a world of artifice, science is the central feature.
   But how shall we know it, then if not in terms of itself?

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        In a world of imminent and impending artifice, the question of
   the state must be reopened.

 

                                    *  *  *
    It is perverse that within the state of science, what is called
   value, is not, in fact, valued, and that what now unacknowledgedly
   partakes of that meaning and committment are only science and its  
issue.

 

       And it is similarly perverse that just as values are not valued,
   in that precise same way, are politics not political.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

       The knowledge of the individual takes what legitimacy it has from
   science; the actions, from technique.  Beyond the public content, the
   individual is conceived as a sacred vessel of appetites and self  
interest,
   preferences and opinion, whimsies and caprice.  These being  
insubstantial
   are seen as behavioral attributes, appropriate for technical  
adaptation.

 

       The sacredness of the individual is not specific, but is anonymous
   in character; the mathematical agent of some transactional  
regularities.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

       The objective plane is the space of science.  It is, above all,
   a public space, but existentially apart and quite literally Over  
There.
   When a person can perceive the world in that plane, (s)he has become a
   scientist.  When a person can perceive him(her)self in that plane, he
   has become self consciously public, perfectly anonymous and truly  
modern;
   -- the voyeur and the scientist's dream.

 

       A state constituted about the objective plane is rationalized  
around
   anonymity rather than belief.  This defines the dilemma of education.

         *  *  *

 

          Mathematics is a peculiarly internal endeavor that seeks to
   create abstract systems of foliative knowledge that are perfect in the
   consistency and the perception of their issue.

 

          Positive science is a public enterprise that directs itself at
   the objectification and reductionist observation of categories of
   phenomena.  It is a process intended to produce intersubjectively  
valid
   descriptions of precision and regularity.  It is hence rigorously
   attuned to the detection of error.

 

          These separate commitments to perfect knowledge, internal and
   external, are joined in modern science, and serve as the basis for its
   legitamacy, thus installing mathematics as its high theology.

 

          Sciences treating phenomena that resist mathematical  
construction
   are necessarily seen as deficient.  Categories that defy  
objectification
   and observation are perceived as residual, quaint and of vanishing
   importance.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

          Art, like morality, having no revealed legitimacy, becomes  
only a
   phenomenological category for appropriate study.

                              *  *  *

 

       As the state increases in extent it must vanish from view since
   fewer margins exist at which it is detectable.  The state thus finally
   becomes certain, and can be only proved or disproved in its own terms.
   When no alternative can be posed, politics is reduced to the question
   of technical function.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

       Though values in a state of science are phenomenological and
   insubstantial, they retain potentials for action, and as such are
   included in a general motivational category to be subsumed by the
   rationalizations of process where by its prescription they reassume
   a value of technical terms.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

      To the extent that technologies, even as science informed  
instruments,
   are quite literally human extensions, and confine one, as one's own  
body
   does, to a relationship with action that is both purposeful and naive,
   then to that extent the search for critical ambiguities (or ancient  
falls)
   in technical practice is doomed to fail.  This is not to say, however,
   that technical artifacts cannot be seen as the god head of the science
   that informs them.
                                    *  *  *

 

       Action now proceeds from technical instruments, the political
   portion of which is considered processual and concerns the aggregation
   of unlegitimized commitment.  A process, thus conceived, reconciles  
the
   potentials for action implicit in unlegitimized commitments, with the
   capacities of rational means.  From what then, does a process derive  
its
   legitimacy, if not from science?  Invoking the exceptional moral
   expectations imposed on process does little to resolve the question.
   In a state of science the appropriate idiom is prescribed.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        The press and media are circus; celebratively public,  
exhibitionist
   and voyeur, a surrogate discourse for crowds; only political, but  
with-
   out political content, thus appropriate complement to the bread of the
   market.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        Since Descartes, the revealed word is mathematical.  The  
sacredness
   of the individual is thus revealed as that of (s)he who counts and is
   counted.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        When birth and death are at last fully rationalized, the ordering
   of the anonymous individual will be complete, and the singularity of
   life illusive.
                                    *  *  *

 

        The irony of the conveyance of rights is that it enables the  
state's
   rationalization of the category specified in the conveyance.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        The irony of environmentalism is that it seeks to rationalize  
itself,
   and thus necessarily is transmuted by what it sought to confront.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

        The state projects rational order.  Thus, in the state, the goal  
of
   education is not to enlighten, but to order and discipline.

 

          *  *  *

 

          It is insufficient to posit (hu)man as an empirical object.
   Social science to succeed in theoretical modes must resolve the mixed
   agencies of language.  Historicism is a futile endeavor without a  
theory
   of language to ground it.  In the absence of that theory, social  
science
   can only succeed by bringing society to the rational terms of a game.
   From this economics derives its authority.  The state depends upon  
this
   success.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

          For the game to persist, the reflexive aspect of language must  
be
   restrained.  This is accomplished in the state through the critiques  
by
   science of committed knowledge, and by the markets universal  
transmutation
   of commitment into statistical ordinalities, the net result of which  
is
   to purge the langauge of any competing codes of legitimacy, but at the
   expense of a debauching of the language.  The disciplines are well  
named
   and serve as the security forces of the state.  Synthesis and politics
   are hostile to their partitions, and are hence heretical.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

           Thus in its final rationalization, the power of the state is  
not
   physical.  War, in violating that expectation, is perceived as a  
process-
   ual taboo.

 

                                    *  *  *

 

            There is a scene in a wax museum at Tours in which a heretic
   is being horribly tortured in the presence of spiritual and secular
   representatives.  The internal context of the scence is one of  
presumed
   goodness.  It is hauntingly reminiscent of a modern surgery in  
context-
   ual organization, and manifestly revelatory of the terms in which  
power
   is rationalized, and expository of the social sciences.

 

                                    *  *  *

 


Donald P. Geesaman, teacher