06.16.06 One Point of View

The 2006 AIA Convention took place last Thursday through Saturday, June
8-10, in Los Angeles. Below, ArchVoices co-editor Brandy Brooks offers
up a perspective on the events.

"What we build is what we'll be remembered for ... buildings don't lie."
--Alexandros Washburn AIA,
“Design Leadership & Advocacy in the Public Realm”
AIA Pre-Convention Workshop, June 7, 2006

When we look at the built environment today, what is it telling us about
who we are and what we value? Architectural Record, the magazine of the
AIA, in its May 2006 pre-AIA Convention issue on Los Angeles singles out
the highlights of LA architecture; the list includes large private
homes, luxury condominium developments, corporate offices and a few
cultural or educational institutions. According to this list, we are a
society of the elite and powerful, and we value those with the deep
pockets for big buildings. But as a record 25,000+ attendees traveled to
Los Angeles, slept in well-appointed hotels, ate out, and discussed our
globalized lifestyles of Starbucks and digital technology in a world
where nearly 3 billion people live on less than $2/day, it was hard to
shake the feeling that our frame of reference is just off.

A Convention session on the ethics and policy of prison design also
tells us something about what we value. Raphael Sperry, an AIA member
and president of Architects/Designers/Planners for Social
Responsibility, noted that our annual investment in prison construction
and operations far outstrips our annual education spending, and wondered
what message we are sending our youth about the future we are building
for them. Another panelist, a prison architect, stated that the dramatic
increase in the prison population over the past 30 years has made cities
and streets safer for everyone. But when I asked whether the
incarceration of a disproportionately minority, undereducated,
unemployed, mentally ill and homeless group truly made
socio-economically disadvantaged citizens feel safer, the panelist
quickly moved on to other questions about space planning and prison
staffing. In truth, architects are far more comfortable discussing the
technical aspects of design and construction than acknowledging their
role in correcting or perpetuating the problems facing our world today.


Following the Trends

However, the tide might be turning in the profession; after all,
Convention speeches and workshops were swirling with talk about
architects' “engagement” in their communities. But to what end? One
stated example of architectural leadership in the public realm was
service on an architectural review board – with the goal of making it
easier for architects to get modernist designs built in their
communities. When our cities and countries are facing rapid ecological
degradation and increasing inability to provide well-designed buildings
and neighborhoods that are equally accessible to all people, is
stylistic guidance truly the kind of leadership we need from design
professionals?

A panel on architectural leadership in ethics and social issues provided
a better model for the role that designers could play in the world's
future. Lisa Findley, an architect educator at California College of the
Arts and author of the book Building Change: Architecture, Politics, &
Cultural Agency, stressed that ethical considerations are part of a
designer's daily decisions, from material selection to the way we
interact with users and clients. Stephen Goldsmith, of Enterprise
Community Partners, argued that designers must be forceful advocates for
ecologically responsible practices, even in the face of client
opposition. Victoria Beach, also an architect and lecturer on
professional ethics, provided compelling analysis for a renewed AIA Code
of Ethics that moves from merely maintaining honest business practices,
and, instead, emphasizes the profession's service to the public and the
architect's responsibility to protect the greater public good. Such a
code would provide support for architects who choose to take an ethical
stand on a project out of public interest concerns. Unfortunately, no
one from the AIA National Ethics Council was at the ethics session to
hear these suggestions.


Pessimism, Optimism

As a society, we'll be remembered for what we built, but also for what
we didn't build and didn't do. Dr. Ted Landsmark, this year's recipient
of the AIA's Whitney M. Young, Jr. Award, told a different LA story in
his award address than the one in Architectural Record – a short walk
from the historic Millennium Biltmore Hotel in downtown LA will take you
not only to the Walt Disney Concert Hall, but also through some of the
“worst examples of homelessness that [he had] ever seen.” And while
architects spent a week heralding LA's avant-garde stars and upcoming
urban design projects, there was very little discussion of the
ecological impact and resource challenges of the sprawling metropolitan
area, which covers approximately 2,000 square miles.

The 2006 AIA Convention offered a great deal of consternation, but also
hope. The Honorable Richard Swett, FAIA, former U.S. Ambassador to
Denmark and the only architect to serve in Congress, is on “a crusade”
to return architects to a role in shaping public policy. He describes
this movement as small but growing, and his workshop on design
leadership and advocacy included architects who have also served as
educators, public officials and public agency leaders. Each of them
spoke of their desire to move beyond the focus on a single building to a
stronger effect on the communities in which they lived and worked. The
AIA's 150th anniversary initiative, the Blueprint for America,
encourages architects and other designers to play an active role in
addressing the issues and opportunities of their local communities. And
organizations beyond the AIA continue to present models for community
service and engagement, as attendees at the Association for Community
Design conference also did in LA last week.


A New (Old) Hope

It's not to say that there aren't architects doing great work and trying
to provide services responsibly and equitably – but there aren't enough
of us committed to this work as a regular and significant part of our
business. Most of us spend most of our time chasing the small segment of
corporate and institutional dollars, when there is a world of other
clients out there who could use our services. Many of us do give away
work gratis (for free) to clients with whom we want to gain favor but
who can clearly pay, yet don't give it pro bono publico (for the public
good). A very common response to discussions of pro bono work is that
architects can't afford to do that kind of free service, because they
don't make enough money to support it. And yet firms spend amazing
amounts of hours and time on proposals and competitions, for which we
will never get compensation even if we do get a job out of it. It seems
there is a flaw in our current model and thinking about the way that we
practice.

Alex Washburn, quoted at the beginning of this issue, worked as a
Congressional staffer for the late Senator Daniel Moynihan. Moynihan was
a noted advocate of the value of design for the public and championed
better design and care of public building resources throughout his
political career. Moynihan's words remind us that good design for all
people has far-reaching ramifications, and gives us a new way to frame
our professional responsibility:

“If we are to restore to American public life the sense of shared
experience, trust and common purpose that seems to be draining out of
it, the quality of public design has got to be made a public issue
because it is a political fact. It is not an efflorescence of elite
aestheticism; it is the bone and muscle of democracy, and it is time
those who see this begin insisting on it.”

For more points of view, we encourage you to visit these other
Convention accounts online:

AIArchitect:
http://www.aia.org/aiarchitect/

Archinect AIA Convention Diary:
http://archinect.com/features/article.php?id=40339_0_23_0_M

Architectural Record:
http://desnet.typepad.com/recordaia06/

LA Downtown News:
http://www.ladowntownnews.com/articles/2006/06/05/news/opinion/edit03.txt

ArchVoices is an independent, nonprofit organization and think tank on
architectural education, internship, and licensure.

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