13. Community development - social, economic, educational, family planning and disease detection activities


  • Setting up a neighborhood committee in each settlement.
  • Setting up youth clubs and womens co-operatives.
  • Building community halls.
  • Arranging for social activities at community halls.
  • Encouraging the group to arrange competitions and functions both within their own area and also with the neighboring settlements.
  • Holding regular awareness programmes on various issue such as, environment, solid waste management, use and maintenance of infrastructure, etc.
  • Starting physical education centers.
  • Setting up workshops for developing vocational and entrepreneurial skills and providing counseling for the aspiring entrepreneurs to register, set up and run their own industries of business.
  • Establishing community based cottage industries, specially for the housewives and creating linkages with local industries and markets.
  • Setting up revolving funds for giving short term loans for raw materials, machinery and establishment.
  • Providing technical education scholarship to promising students in slums.
  • Pre-primary education for 3-5 age groups.
  • Non-formal education for school drop-outs.
  • Adult education to improve adult literacy levels, especially woman.
Mother and child care
  • Training traditional birth attendants and Auxiliary Nurse Midwives for childbirth and also for pro/post-natal care.
  • Distributing iron and deworming tablets.
  • Distributing vitamin A tablets for children aged under 5.
  • Undertaking immunization programmes.
  • Training community health workers from within the slums for day to day support and regular monitoring.
Family planning
  • Conducting workshops and distributing information on alternative methods of family planning and truth spacing.
  • Counseling individual families and distributing appropriate contraceptives as necessary.
  • Encouraging permanent methods of birth control when families are complete (strictly no coercion)
Disease detection and curative
  • Upgrading the existing throe dispensaries in the slums and attaching an additional medical officer to each for routine health checks and for treatment of minor ailments.
  • Providing minor treatment and dispensing essential drugs with the help of Auxiliary Nurse Midwives and Community Health Workers.
  • Establishing linkage with local hospitals and developing systems for speedy referral of major ailments
  • Health Monitoring.


As per a 1990 survey, over two thirds of the slum families in Indore lived below the poverty line. On average 40% of slum dwellers were illiterate, with the female illiteracy rate as high as 53%. A large proportion of persons reported being sick within the fortnight before the survey. In addition to the working days lost, about 8% of the monthly income was reportedly spent on medical expenses. A mid-term evaluation of the Indore project showed that many slums are heading towards full literacy, frequency of epidemics has dramatically reduced and incomes, particularly of women, have increased.