A survey of nearly 10,000 migrants in rural Bihar by Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad has found that rural migrants who move to urban areas tend to be from relatively well-off social and economic hierarchies. On the other, hand, poorer migrants tended to move to other rural areas. 

Titled ‘PovertyMigration and Development in rural Bihar,’ the study was undertaken by Amrita Datta, assistant professor of development studies, department of liberal arts, IIT Hyderabad. 

The study found that 78% of all migrants from rural Bihar went to an urban destination. However, those belonging to the top of the social and economic hierarchy in villages are disproportionately represented in the rural-urban migrations. 

Migrant who are more educated were more likely to move to urban areas – and they moved without having worked in the local rural economy.